Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Flu Season Isn’t over – Protect Yourself!

Hand hygiene is the most important way to prevent you and others from getting sick. Hand hygiene refers to the cleaning of your hands by either washing them or applying alcohol-based hand rub. Consistently practicing good hand hygiene is essential to reduce the spread of infection in your at home, in daycares, schools, workplaces, and public places.

Follow these tips to help prevent the spread of germs:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 15 seconds.
  • Wash your hands:
    • After using the washroom.
    • Changing a baby’s diaper.
    • Touching animals.
    • Before eating.
    • Before and after preparing food.
    • When your hands look dirty.
    • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if you can’t wash your hands.
      • Use a squirt the size of a quarter (dime-size for young children) in your palm.
      • Rub palms together.
      • Rub the back of each hand and around each thumb.
      • Don’t forget your fingertips.
      • Rub for at least 15 seconds until dry.
      • Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue or your upper arm, not your hands! Throw the tissue away and wash your hands right away.
      • Keep your hands away from your face to help keep germs out of your body.
      • Stay home when you are sick, have a cough or a fever.
        Do you have more questions?
      • Speak with a Public Health Nurse. Call the Ottawa Public Health Info Centre at 613-580-6744 (TTY: 613-580-9656) or email Ottawa Public Health at
      • Visit our web site for more information on Hand Hygiene
      • – Ottawa Public Health
 Remember to wash your hands!

Remember to wash your hands!

Read other Ottawa Public Health articles

This post is also available in: Français (French)